Ottawa immigration and refugee lawyers at Gerami Law PC represent clients through their refugee claim process, prepare them for questioning at their hearing, and make effective and persuasive oral submissions on their behalf before the Refugee Protection Division Board Member.

Our lawyers provide advice and gather the necessary facts, information and documentary evidence to support and frame our client’s refugee claim.  We also provide guidance to our clients on the kind of personal documents and evidence the RPD will require, in an effort to maximize their chances of a positive refugee decision.

At the refugee hearing the Board Member will question claimants on all the details of their case, and to the extent that those details can be supported by personal documentary evidence, the Board Member is more likely to accept the claimant’s story.   Our lawyers will also conduct extensive research to support our client’s case with the most up to date materials from reliable sources.

We consider preparation for refugee hearings to be absolutely essential.  As such, our lawyers will take the time to do a preparatory session, where we will pose the kind of questions that the claimant can expect to receive from the Board Member at the hearing.  This practice both assists with reviewing the essential elements of our client’s claim, provides reassurance and increases their confidence for their big day at the hearing.

Examination Of Eligibility To Refer A Refugee Claim

Our lawyers will assist clients (refugee claimants) through the eligibility process of their refugee claim. We will advise them on their rights and responsibilities, and explain the powers vested in the examination officers as prescribed in the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA).

If the claim is made at the port of entry, the basis of claim and narrative forms must be filed with the Refugee Protection Division (RPD) within 15 days. If the individual makes an inland claim, the IRPA prescribes that an officer shall, within three working days after receipt of a claim determine whether the claim is eligible to be referred to the Refugee Protection Division.

  • A claim is ineligible to be referred to the Refugee Protection Division if:
  • Refugee protection has been conferred on the claimant under the IRPA;
  • A claim for refugee protection by the claimant has been rejected by the Board;
  • A prior claim by the claimant was determined to be ineligible to be referred to the Refugee Protection Division, or has been withdrawn or abandoned;
  • The claimant has been recognized as a Convention refugee by a country other than Canada and can be sent or returned to that country;
  • The claimant came directly or indirectly to Canada from a country designated by the regulations, other than a country of their nationality or their former habitual residence; or,
  • The claimant has been determined to be inadmissible on grounds of security, violating human or international rights, serious criminality or organized criminality.



Convention Refugee Claims

Our Lawyers are well versed and experienced in dealing with convention refugee cases.

Canada has an international obligation under the Refugee Protocol to provide safety and protection to asylum seekers, and we are determined to provide strong advocacy to our clients who fall under this immigration category.

According to section 96 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, a convention refugee is a person who, by reason of a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group or political opinion:

  • is outside each of their countries of nationality and is unable or, by reason of that fear, unwilling to avail themselves of the protection of each of those countries; or
  • not having a country of nationality, is outside the country of their former habitual residence and is unable or, by reason of that fear, unwilling to return to that country.

Protection Claims

In some cases our clients may be deemed by the Immigration and Refugee Board as not falling within the meaning of a Convention Refugee as stipulated in the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA).

We will assess whether our client can make a claim for protection under section 97 of the IRPA. The IRPA defines a person in need of protection as a person in Canada whose removal to their country or countries of nationality or, if they do not have a country of nationality, their country of former habitual residence, would subject them personally:

  • to a danger, believed on substantial grounds to exist, of torture within the meaning of Article 1 of the Convention Against Torture; or,
  • to a risk to their life or to a risk of cruel and unusual treatment or punishment if,
    • the person is unable or, because of that risk, unwilling to avail themselves of the protection of that country;
    • the risk would be faced by the person in every part of that country and is not faced generally by other individuals in or from that country;
    • the risk is not inherent or incidental to lawful sanctions, unless imposed in disregard of accepted international standards; and,
    • the risk is not caused by the inability of that country to provide adequate health or medical care.

Safe Third Country Agreement

Safe Third Country Agreement is an agreement dated December 5, 2002 between the Government of Canada and the Government of the United States of America, and was made for Cooperation between the two states in the Examination of Refugee Status Claims from Nationals of Third Countries. This agreement stipulates that refugee claimants who happen to have already put forth a claim in the U.S. and are subsequently arriving in a Canadian port of entry from the United States are not eligible to claim refugee protection in Canada unless they fall within the Exclusion Clause bracket.

At Gerami Law PC, we are knowledgeable on the Safe Third Country Agreement and will assist clients who have arrived in Canada through the U.S. and are subjected to Safe Third Country Agreement constraints. We examine our client’s case to see if it falls within the exception clauses bracket, such as whether they already have family members with legal status living in Canada.




It is my privilege to recommend Ms. Gerami, her team and the office for the excellent representation while dealing with my asylum claim, and handling my case in an outstanding manner from the very beginning. Ms. Gerami and her team’s superior skills, insight and experience were the main factors for the success of my asylum claim…
Selma R.
Having gone through decades of fear of prosecution in our home country, we were rest assured by Ms. Gerami that our case is enough compelling as a family in need of asylum in our first meeting. She meticulously reviewed our case and started compiling necessary evidences. Her care-taking team also looked into entire case and arranged numerous meetings thorough out the time…